4 Types of Sentences | Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, & Exclamative

4 Types of sentences in English. For non-native English speakers, it is often difficult to understand the difference between different types of sentences. In fact, there are four main types of sentences in English: declarative sentences, interrogative sentences, exclamatory sentences and imperative sentences. Each type has a specific purpose and structure. In this blog post, we will explore each type of sentence in detail and provide examples for each one. We hope that this will help you better understand how to use these different sentence structures in your own writing!

4 Types of Sentences

There are four types of English sentences which we use in reading or spoken English.

1 . Declarative sentence (Used for statements)

2 . Interrogative sentence (Used for questions)

3 . Imperative sentence (Used as a command)

4 . Exclamative sentence (Used for exclamation)

 Now we discuss these types of sentences and define them with examples.

1) Declarative sentences

A declarative sentence makes a statement. It tells something. These sentences give us information, and they normally end with a full stop. The usual order for the declarative sentence is Subject+ verb…

A declarative sentence can be positive or negative. Look at these examples:



I like Tea. I do not like Tea.
We watched the movie last night. We did not watch the movie last night.

2) Interrogative sentences

We use interrogative sentences as a question. Someone asks for something or asks about someone, these types of sentences are considered Interrogative sentences. They end with a question mark (?).

The Interrogative sentence starts with where, what, why, when, etc. Interrogative sentences can be positive or negative.

For Example,

Positive Negative
Do you like Tea? Don’t you like Tea?
Why are you going? Why aren’t you going?

3) Imperative sentences

Imperative sentences are used as commands. These sentences tell us to do something. Imperative sentences end with a full stop. There is no subject in it because it is understood, it is you.

For example,

  • Do not give her the book.
  • Stop!
  • Don’t let him work.

These types of sentences can be positive or negative.

4) Exclamative Sentences

Exclamation sentences are used to express strong emotions/ surprise. These sentences always end with an exclamation mark/point (!).

Usual order for the exclamative sentence is:

  • What (+ adjective) + noun + subject + verb
  • How (+ adjective/adverb) + subject + verb

For example,

  • How gorgeous she is!
  • How he lied!
  • What an exciting episode it was!