Every word is one part of speech or the other. The parts of speech are eight in number. We are going to discuss 8 parts of speech definitions and examples. Parts of speech are a very important part of English grammar. Parts of speech are the basics of English grammar. It is very important to learn the parts of speech in English. Without parts of speech, the concept of English is not possible.
No one can ignore the importance of parts of speech in English. As an ESL student, you must have to learn and understand the parts of speech in English grammar. We will be discussing this important lesson of parts of speech in detail.
Parts of speech are eight in numbers, nouns, pronouns, adverbs, conjunctions, verbs, interjections, adjectives, and prepositions. In some books, you will find the ninth part of the speech which is the article. But in grammar, there are eight basic parts of speech and that’s why we are discussing the eight.
The creation of phrases and sentences is highly dependent on the parts of speech. The noun is the name of any place, person, or thing and that’s why you will find these parts of speech everywhere. This lesson of parts of speech has definitions of each of them along with their detailed examples and example sentences.
8 Parts of Speech, Definition, & Examples
It is a word that is used to name a person, place, thing, or idea. It is the most important part of speech and the most common one. Some Examples of nouns are student, boy, Sidra, city, honesty, race, preparation, etc.
- The student who wanted to see you have come.
- We have many old cars on the roads.
- They are very rich and that’s why he wants to marry their daughter.
- I have big news for his brother.
- Sana is the girl I am looking for.
What we see, feel and touch are nouns in an ordinary sense like a book, water, air, and what we think of in our minds as objects of thought are, also nouns like goodness, cruelty, wisdom.
It is a word used in place of a noun (to avoid repetition of the noun). We cannot use nouns for more and more in the sentence and to beautify the sentence we use pronouns. Pronouns are I, me, we; you, yourself, yourselves, thou, thyself; he himself, she, herself, they, them, themselves; it, itself; which, who, whom.
- She is my friend and you are my neighbor.
- We cannot say what we are.
- We have tried to win the prize whose value is more than that of a common car.
The Adjective or Determiner:
It is a word used to describe or add to the meaning of a noun or pronoun. Adjectives describe the quality of a noun and a pronoun. Adjectives are very important in English grammar and parts of speech. Here are some adjectives in English: old, long, simple, lazy, honest, wonderful, successful, bad, long, big, small, fast, easy, difficult, fat, black, dark, etc.
- He has a black color car, and he loves his car.
- I am going to eat the spicy burger at burger king.
- He makes a bad impression of me in front of the public.
- This cat is very beautiful and I want to have it for my son.
It is a word that says something about a person or thing. It shows action and describes the condition. Here are some verbs in English: fight, try, stop, shout, succeed, fail, fly, think, are, is, make, create, do, walk, eat, fly, go, press, pull, push, etc.
- I am eating his burger.
- He will play from my side.
- Our cricket team will perform well in the tournament.
- He is trying to eat a lot of food.
- He is not working today and the boss is not happy with me.
- We will take you to the interview room, the next job will be yours.
It is a word that shows the connection of a noun or a pronoun with another word. Preposition examples are in, too, though, over, under, with, towards, etc.
- Hamid is at the station.
- We went into the garden.
- Cat is under the table.
- There is a bag on the table.
- Who is in the room?
- I brought the bangles for you.
- He is a student of this school.
- Please cooperate with me.
- The apple fell down from his hand.
- Stand up under the tree.
- The goat passed by the well.
- There is a mosque near my house.
- She fell into the well.
- Convey my message to him.
It is a word that joins words, phrases, etc. A conjunction is a joining word. A conjunction is used to join English phrases. Examples of conjunction are and, but, though, or, however, while, etc.
- I was playing while she was sleeping.
- We will make dinner while she will clean the room.
- I am here to help, however, I want some peace.
- She is my friend but I hate her.
- I will move to the next table and you will pay the bill.
The Adverb or Modifier:
It is a word that adds to the meaning of a verb, adjective, or some other adverb. Adverbs are modifying words, they can modify verbs, adverbs, and adjectives. Some adverbs are: quickly, much, very, kindly, etc.
- He spoke loudly and then went out.
- He ran fast and reach the train in time.
The same word can be adverb or adjective at different places:
- It is a fast train. (fast – adjective)
- She walks fast. (fast – adverb)
It is a word or sound which shows feeling or emotion.
- Ah! Alas! Damn! (for anger, strong emotion)
- Oh! Hurray! Phew! (for surprise, relief, anger, etc.)
- Hurray! My father is coming today.
- Alas! His brother is no more.
- Oh! Please remove your hands.
- Ah! It hurts a lot.
- Oh, she is a beautiful lady!
- Uh-oh, this tastes bad.
- Well! It is time to go.
- Alas! They lose the match.
- Alas! He will be no more in our team.
- Wow! She is so beautiful.
- Oh! I forget to close the door.
ESL Flashcards (Parts of Speech)