Here you will learn 7 Types of Adjectives with Definitions, and Examples in English. Adjectives is one of the most basic parts of speech and learning adjectives can help in speaking English as second language. We are going to discuss all the 7 different types of adjectives in detail with easy to understand definition and examples.
I remember when I was in school, my English teacher taught us the different types of adjectives. Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns. They can also be words that give more information to verbs, adverbs, and other adjectives. It’s important for learners to understand how they work properly because it makes writing easier.
Here are some examples that will help you learn about adjectives.
- James is a friendly man. (friendly modifies the noun man)
- The child was sleeping heavily . (heavy modifies the verb sleeping)
- She had a very sad look on her face . (sad modifies the adjective look)
The weather outside is beautiful. (beautiful modifies the adjective weather)
I hope this gives you a better understanding of adjectives and how they work in sentences. Adjectives are very important to study because it will make sentence structure easier to learn in English.
What is an Adjective?
The adjective is a word that modifies or describes other words, it makes your writing and communication much more definite, and a whole lot more interesting. Adjectives are usually pointed before the noun or pronoun to classify or quantify specific people and unique things.
Words like big, beautiful, gorgeous, and sharp are all examples of adjectives.
- They are living in a beautiful house
- Ahmad is living in a big apartment
- Hina’s hair is gorgeous.
Types of Adjectives with Definition and Examples
There are seven major types of the adjective
The adjective form of proper nouns is called as proper adjectives. When proper nouns define or modify other pronouns/nouns, they turn into proper adjectives. ‘Proper’ means ‘specific’ rather than ‘formal’ or ‘gracious.’ Proper adjectives are generally capitalized just as proper nouns are capitalized.
- American instruments are very strong.
- Turkish food is very famous.
- I love McDonald’s burger.
The descriptive adjective is a word which describes nouns and pronouns. This type of the adjective is very specific. These adjectives deliver information and point to the nouns/pronouns they modify or describe or modify. These adjectives are also called qualitative adjectives.
- I saw a flying parrot
- Ahmad is very hungry
- The hungry dogs are barking
A quantitative adjective delivers information about the quantity of the pronoun/nouns. This type belongs to the interrogative classification of ‘how many’ and ‘how much’.
- Three children are playing cricket.
- The hen laid 2eggs.
- I bought 10 apples.
A demonstrative adjective directly states to someone or something. Demonstrative adjectives include the words: that, these, those, and this. A demonstrative adjective always pointed before the word it varies.
- This restaurant is very gorgeous.
- These eggs are boiled well.
- These animals belong to Africa.
A possessive adjective specifies possession or tenure. It proposes the belongingness of something to someone.
Some of the most specific possessive adjectives are his, her, their, our, my, your. All these adjectives always derived before a noun. Disparate possessive pronouns, these words claim a noun after them.
- Our work is almost done.
- His dog is very brave.
- Your cycle is very clean.
An interrogative adjective points a question. An interrogative adjective must be charted by a pronoun or a noun. The interrogative adjectives are: whose, which, what. A noun will always follow right after them otherwise these will not be considered as the interrogative adjectives.
- Whose bike is this?
- What game do you play?
- Which laptop do you use?
The indefinite adjective modifies or defines a noun categorically. They deliver unspecific info about the noun. The mutual indefinite adjectives are many, much, most, all, few, each, any, either, several, some, every, either, nobody, etc.
- I gave some chocolates to Ali
- I want few days to complete the book
- Several writers wrote about the Allama Iqbal’s poetry
Why Adjectives are Important to Study?
It is very important to study adjectives because they are the only parts of speech that can modify a noun. This is very useful as it makes sentences easier to understand as you as a reader will be able to identify what type of noun you are reading about by using contextual clues from the surrounding words or phrases even if you do not know what it is called.
- “Rachel was looking for a new phone to buy, but she couldn’t decide which one was right for her.”
In this sentence, the two adjectives “new” and “right” modify the nouns “phone” and “one“. Without those adjectives we wouldn’t know what type of phone or one Rachel was talking about.
Adjectives also often help describe things better and give us more detail about nouns which we can understand the meaning of better.
“Rachel was looking for a bright-blue I-phone to buy, but she couldn’t decide which one was right for her.”
In this sentence, we got extra information about what type of phone Rachel was looking for. Without the adjectives “bright-blue” we would not know that it is an I-phone that she wants, but with the adjectives in there it helps clarify that for us. Adjectives are important because they help make our language more descriptive and easier to understand.
What is an easy way to learn adjectives?
An easy way to learn adjectives is to write out a list of them and memorize them. There are also many games you can play with your friends or family where you pick an adjective and try to create silly sentences using it.
One other easy way to learn adjectives is by attaching suffixes such as -ed, -ing, and -est to root words. For example, you can attach -ed to the end of “tall” and create “tall-ed.” After this, it is very easy to see patterns in adjective formation.
List of Common Adjectives in English
Here are Common Adjectives in English: