Every word in a sentence plays a different role, refer as the parts of speech. There are the following word classes in english grammar. Word Classes are very important part in grammar. They decide different rules of grammar. More precisely every grammar rule comes out of them. They are the most basic part of a sentences. Without word classes English language would never be possible and that why these 9 words classes are the base of English language.
9 Words Classes in English Grammar
There are following word classes in English grammar.
A noun is the name of a person, place, concept, or object, like Marry, John, Canada, Japan, truth, honesty, table and, knife Etc. Nouns occupy the major part of English compositions and come in a wide variety of types. They are used as the subject, direct object, indirect objects, plurals, possessive nouns, opposites and adjectives. Mostly nouns are divided into two categories: common nouns and proper nouns.
- Cat was under the table.
- Sarah comes out of no where.
- This purse does not belongs to my father.
- Mosque was very beautiful.
List of Some Nouns:
i. Common Noun Vs. Proper Noun
They refer the general things, like books and football.
They deal with the specific names, like David and London.
ii. Countable Nouns Vs. Uncountable Nouns
Nouns which we can count like cats, books, pens Etc.
Nouns that we cannot count like liquid, air, intelligence.
Pronouns are the words that substitute for nouns. For example, he, she, it, her, his you, many, who, everybody Etc. Pronouns are divided into a range of categories. personal pronoun, possessive pronoun, relative pronoun, reflexive pronoun, indefinite pronoun, demonstrative pronoun, an interrogative pronoun, intensive pronoun and reciprocal pronoun.
- Tom was going to Mosque, and I just followed him.
- Tina is the friend of Sara, and I am their class fellow.
- He is the man of a lot of sugar in his juice.
Some Pronouns are:
Adjectives describe the qualities or states of nouns. Adjectives are fast, funny, engaging, well-written. There are three degrees of adjectives positive, comparative and superlative adjectives black. They also describe the quality of nouns, many, few, millions Etc.
- Tom is a brave boy and that’s why he is in at Army.
- My brother is a good looking actor in Germany.
- Shimla is a coward lady of our society.
Here are some common adjectives:
Verbs describe specific actions, like running, winning, and amazing. There are six types of verbs.
- Tina was playing cricket.
- Roma is eating bread with butter.
i. Action verbs
They describe action words a person or thing can do such as accept, ask, bake Etc.
Below are some common action verbs:
ii. Transitive Verbs
If action verbs follow the direct object is called transitive verbs. Like drive, want, write, eat, clean Etc.
iii. Intransitive verb
The action verbs do not have a direct object like landed, arrived.
iv. Linking verb
The various forms of to be are the linking verbs like am, is, are, where Etc.
v. Helping Verb
Helping verbs are used with main verbs. Auxiliary and model verbs are helping verbs like am, are, do, does, shall will Etc.
vi. Static Verb
The static verb is used to express a state rather than an action. Like believe, guess, know, remember Etc.
An adverb describes an adjective, a verb, or another adverb. For example, quickly, slowly, happily Etc. There are five different kinds of adverbs.
- Tina was cutting the bread carefully.
- Sara was acting nervously in front of her parents.
i. Adverb of Manner
Adverbs that are use to tell manner: Nicely, beautifully, etc. Adverbs can be negative or positive. Below are some adverbs.
ii. Adverb of Time
Adverb of time is related to time. Examples of adverbs of time are: Today, Yesterday, etc.
iii. Adverb of Place
Adverb of place is related to place. Examples of adverbs of place are: Here, There, Nowhere, etc.
iv. Adverb of Degree
Adverb of degree is related to degree of something or some action. Examples of adverbs of degree are: So, Very, almost, etc.
v. Adverb of Frequency
Adverb of frequency is related to how may time an action has been repeated. Examples of adverbs of frequency are: Always, Never, etc.
Prepositions explain the relationship between the words in a sentence. It indicates direction, time, location and space Etc. Examples are above, behind, in, off, Etc.
- Cat was over the roof.
- Tina is in the opposite side of the mosque.
Some Prepositions are:
Conjunctions make it possible to build complex sentences that express multiple ideas like coordinating conjunction, subordinating conjunction and correlative conjunction.
- I will dance rather than playing cricket.
- Because Tina is my girlfriend, she will not talk to you anymore.
Here are some most used conjunction:
|Provided||Rather than||Even though|
|In order that||Now when||As if|
A word that express feelings and emotions in called as interjection. Interjection is somehow very important in grammar. It is very important parts of speech in English grammar. Some common interjection words are oh!, Ah! Yum!, Phooey!, Boo!, etc.
- Yeah! I have seen a small cat.
- Oh God! He is under the table.
- Hurrah! We played well and won the game.
There are two categories of articles: definite and indefinite articles. A, an is the indefinite article, and the is the definite article. Articles play an important role in English grammar. They adds to the beauty of English grammar. It is very important to learn these three articles and how to use them. They have some simple rules that we have to follow to use them clearly and correctly.
- The Pakistan is our beloved country.
- A cat was going into his room.
- An apple just falls off the table.
A word placed before a noun provides information about quantity, ownership and specificity. It covers articles, demonstratives possessives and quantifiers, such as a, an, the, this, that, my, his, some, six, Etc.
- This chair is made of wood.
- That was the ball, Raina was suppose to use in his home.
In a nutshell, we have discussed commonly used classes and examples of parts of speech.