9 Word Classes in English Grammar with ESL Infographics

Every word in a sentence plays a different role, refer as the parts of speech. There are the following word classes in english grammar. Word Classes are very important part in grammar. They decide different rules of grammar. More precisely every grammar rule comes out of them. They are the most basic part of a sentences. Without word classes English language would never be possible and that why these 9 words classes are the base of English language.

9 Words Classes in English Grammar

There are following word classes in English grammar.

1. Nouns

A noun is the name of a person, place, concept, or object, like Marry, John, Canada, Japan, truth, honesty, table and, knife Etc. Nouns occupy the major part of English compositions and come in a wide variety of types. They are used as the subject, direct object, indirect objects, plurals, possessive nouns, opposites and adjectives. Mostly nouns are divided into two categories: common nouns and proper nouns.


  • Cat was under the table.
  • Sarah comes out of no where.
  • This purse does not belongs to my father.
  • Mosque was very beautiful.

List of Some Nouns: 

Banana Quill Hospital
Car School Juice
Dinner Tent Lizard
Engine Vulture Morning
France Girl Oxygen
Ambulance Pillow Hair
Belgium Restaurant Insurance
Church Spoon Knife
Dress Train Magazine
Finland Xylophone Nest
Airport Piano Guitar
Bed Refrigerator Insect
China Soccer Kite

i. Common Noun Vs. Proper Noun

Common nouns

They refer the general things, like books and football.

Proper nouns

They deal with the specific names, like David and London.

ii. Countable Nouns Vs. Uncountable Nouns

Countable Nouns

Nouns which we can count like cats, books, pens Etc.

Uncountable Nouns

Nouns that we cannot count like liquid, air, intelligence.

2. Pronouns

Pronouns are the words that substitute for nouns. For example, he, she, it, her, his you, many, who, everybody Etc. Pronouns are divided into a range of categories. personal pronoun, possessive pronoun, relative pronoun, reflexive pronoun, indefinite pronoun, demonstrative pronoun, an interrogative pronoun, intensive pronoun and reciprocal pronoun.


  • Tom was going to Mosque, and I just followed him.
  • Tina is the friend of Sara, and I am their class fellow.
  • He is the man of a lot of sugar in his juice.

Some Pronouns are: 

he her hers
him his I
it its our
she theirs them
they us we
you your

3. Adjectives

Adjectives describe the qualities or states of nouns. Adjectives are fast, funny, engaging, well-written. There are three degrees of adjectives positive, comparative and superlative adjectives black. They also describe the quality of nouns, many, few, millions Etc.


  • Tom is a brave boy and that’s why he is in at Army.
  • My brother is a good looking actor in Germany.
  • Shimla is a coward lady of our society.

Here are some common adjectives:

dull drab doubtful
dizzy disturbed distinct
disgusted difficult different
determined depressed delightful
defiant defeated dead
dark dangerous cute
curious cruel crowded
creepy crazy courageous
cooperative confused condemned
concerned comfortable combative
colorful clumsy cloudy
clever clear clean
cheerful charming cautious
careful calm busy
bright breakable brave
brainy bored blushing
blue-eyed blue bloody
black bewildered better
beautiful bad awful
average attractive ashamed
arrogant anxious annoying
annoyed angry amused
alive alert agreeable
aggressive adventurous adorable

4. Verbs

Verbs describe specific actions, like running, winning, and amazing. There are six types of verbs.


  • Tina was playing cricket.
  • Roma is eating bread with butter.

i. Action verbs

They describe action words a person or thing can do such as accept, ask, bake Etc.

Below are some common action verbs:

Zip Yank Write Win
Whistle Walk Turn Touch
Teach Study Solve Sneeze
Sleep Skip Sing Shout
Shop See Scream Run
Replace Read Play Plan
Paint Listen Lie Laugh
Jump Invent Imitate Exit
Enter Edit Eat Drink
Draw Describe Dance Cry
Create Cough Complete Color
Coach Buy Build Break
Arrange Approve Answer Act

ii. Transitive Verbs

If action verbs follow the direct object is called transitive verbs. Like drive, want, write, eat, clean Etc.

iii. Intransitive verb

The action verbs do not have a direct object like landed, arrived.

iv. Linking verb

The various forms of to be are the linking verbs like am, is, are, where Etc.

v. Helping Verb

Helping verbs are used with main verbs. Auxiliary and model verbs are helping verbs like am, are, do, does, shall will Etc.

vi. Static Verb

The static verb is used to express a state rather than an action. Like believe, guess, know, remember Etc.

9 Word Classes in English Grammar with ESL Infographics

5. Adverbs

An adverb describes an adjective, a verb, or another adverb. For example, quickly, slowly, happily Etc. There are five different kinds of adverbs.


  • Tina was cutting the bread carefully.
  • Sara was acting nervously in front of her parents.

i. Adverb of Manner

Adverbs that are use to tell manner: Nicely, beautifully, etc. Adverbs can be negative or positive. Below are some adverbs.





Nervously Badly
Justly Angrily



Cruelly Angrily
Boldly Hungrily



Hastily Anxiously


Anxiously Blindly
Calmly Rudely


Openly Blindly



Sadly Noisily
Bravely Roughly




Neatly Greedily








ii. Adverb of Time

Adverb of time is related to time. Examples of adverbs of time are: Today, Yesterday, etc.

iii. Adverb of Place

Adverb of place is related to place. Examples of adverbs of place are: Here, There, Nowhere, etc.

iv. Adverb of Degree

Adverb of degree is related to degree of something or some action. Examples of adverbs of degree are: So, Very, almost, etc.

v. Adverb of Frequency

Adverb of frequency is related to how may time an action has been repeated. Examples of adverbs of frequency are: Always, Never, etc.

6. Prepositions

Prepositions explain the relationship between the words in a sentence. It indicates direction, time, location and space Etc. Examples are above, behind, in, off, Etc.


  • Cat was over the roof.
  • Tina is in the opposite side of the mosque.

Some Prepositions are:

over outside opposite onto
on off of near
minus like into inside
in from for following
excluding excepting except during
down despite considering concerning
by but beyond between
besides beside beneath below
behind before at as
around anti among amid
along against after across
above about aboard

7. Conjunctions

Conjunctions make it possible to build complex sentences that express multiple ideas like coordinating conjunction, subordinating conjunction and correlative conjunction.


  • I will dance rather than playing cricket.
  • Because Tina is my girlfriend, she will not talk to you anymore.

Here are some most used conjunction:

Provided Rather than Even though
In order that Now when As if
Even If then for
Although Because and

8. Interjections

A word that express feelings and emotions in called as interjection. Interjection is somehow very important in grammar. It is very important parts of speech in English grammar. Some common interjection words are oh!, Ah! Yum!, Phooey!, Boo!, etc.


  • Yeah! I have seen a small cat.
  • Oh God! He is under the table.
  • Hurrah! We played well and won the game.

9. Articles

There are two categories of articles: definite and indefinite articles. A, an is the indefinite article, and the is the definite article. Articles play an important role in English grammar. They adds to the beauty of English grammar. It is very important to learn these three articles and how to use them. They have some simple rules that we have to follow to use them clearly and correctly.


  • The Pakistan is our beloved country.
  • A cat was going into his room.
  • An apple just falls off the table.

10. Determiner

A word placed before a noun provides information about quantity, ownership and specificity. It covers articles, demonstratives possessives and quantifiers, such as a, an, the, this, that, my, his, some, six, Etc.


  • This chair is made of wood.
  • That was the ball, Raina was suppose to use in his home.

In a nutshell, we have discussed commonly used classes and examples of parts of speech.